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"Kirkendall Voids in Lead-Free Solder Joints: A Reliability Issue" -- Zequn Mei, Cisco

Presentation Slides: "Voids at the Cu/Solder Interface and Their Effects on Solder Joint Reliability" (1.8 MB PDF)

Wednesday, September 14, 2005

  • Seated dinner served at 6:30 ($25 if reserved before Sept. 11; $30 after & at door; vegetarian available)

  • Presentation (no cost) at 7:30.

    Ramada Inn

  • 1217 Wildwood Ave (Fwy 101 frontage road, between Lawrence Expressway and Great America Parkway), Sunnyvale, (800) 888-3899 -- see map.


  • For dinner and/or meeting: by email to Janis Karklins
  • Please reserve for "presentation-only", even if not attending the dinner.

    Previous studies demonstrate extensive Kirkendall voids at the interface of a solder joint to a copper substrate, and their significant effects on the impact and shock strength of the solder joints. This talk focuses on two issues: the condition for the void formation; and the effect of voids on solder joint reliability. Samples of electronic assemblies of different packages aged or thermal-cycled were cross-sectioned by either FIB or sputtering etching. The results show that voids at the Cu/solder interface formed extensively in some cases, but not so much in others. So far, we are not clear exactly what factors control the void formation; it seems that the Cu plating process and the small concentration of Ni in either the solder or the substrate influences the void density and distribution. Shock strength at 400G of BGA packages aged for 20 days at 125C did not degrade; the failure occurred by either delamination at the fiber/resin interface underneath the non-solder-mask-defined Cu pads, or inside the solder where they were close to the solder-mask-defined Cu pads. We also curve-fitted the result of voids growth vs time at different temperatures, to use it for prediction of the voided area at the product's service condition.

    Speaker Biography:
    Zequn Mei received his Ph.D. of Materials Science and Engineering from University of California at Berkeley. He is currently working at Cisco Systems, in the Manufacturing Technology Goup, on interconnect reliability.

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